Of the 1,643 institutions, 79% are non-sectarian, and 21% are sectarian.  Sec. Section 41 provided for government financial assistance to private schools. , A series of revisions (in terms of content, length, and focus) to the curriculum began in 1924, the year the Monroe Survey Commission released its findings. These science schools are more exclusive and with higher standards compared to general high school's STEM Program. Some private secondary schools have competitive entrance requirements based on an entrance examination. Chinese schools may also have subjects in Chinese Language and Culture. “However, in 2018, The Philippines witnessed a deterioration of its ability to provide the economy with the skills needed, which points to a mismatch between school curriculums and the demands of companies,” he said. Senior High School students can also get work experience while studying. A big disparity in educational achievements is evident across various social groups. The languages used for instruction have switched from Spanish to Tagalog, to English to the local vernacular, including some Chinese languages, and Arabic, which is used in the southern part of the country. This system makes sure the quality and exclusiveness of science high schools. Formal education is the hierarchically structured, chronologically graded 'education system', running from primary school through the university and including, in addition to general academic studies, a variety of specialized programs and institutions for full-time technical and professional training. Primary schools, colleges and universities were established in our country by the missionaries. It controls the general running of schools and colleges in the Philippines and controls the curriculum in the Philippine’s education system. The order allows two alternative three-year bridging plans. There would be 7 Applied Subjects with competencies common to tracks and strands or specializations but with different contents based on specialization, and there would be 9 Specialization Subjects with unique contents and competencies under a track or strand. Filipino 7: 1st–3rd Quarter: Panitikang Panlalawigan (Regional Literature); 4th Quarter: Filipino 8: 1st–3rd Quarter: Panitikang Pambansa (Philippine Literature); 4th Quarter: Filipino 9: 1st–3rd Quarter: Panitikang Saling-wikang Asyano (Asian Translated Literature); 4th Quarter: Filipino 10: 1st–3rd Quarter: Panitikang Saling-wika ng Daigdig (World Translated Literature); 4th Quarter: Araling Panlipunan 8: Kasaysayan ng Daigdig (, Araling Panlipunan 9: Ekonomiks (Economics), Araling Panlipunan 10: Mga Kontemporaryong Isyu (Contemporary Issues), Komunikasyon at Pananaliksik sa Wika at Kulturang Pilipino, Pagbasa at Pagsusuri ng Iba’t Ibang Teksto Tungo sa Pananaliksik, 21st Century Literature from the Philippines and the World, Contemporary Philippine Arts from the Regions, Disaster Readiness and Risk Reduction (for STEM Strand only), Personal Development / Pansariling Kaunlaran, Understanding Culture, Society and Politics, Introduction to the Philosophy of the Human Person / Pambungad sa Pilosopiya ng Tao, English for Academic and Professional Purposes, Empowerment Technologies (E-Tech): ICT for Professional Tracks, Creative Industries I: Arts and Design Appreciation and Production, Business Ethics and Social Responsibility, Fundamentals of Accountancy, Business and Management 1, Introduction to World Religions and Belief Systems, Physical and Personal Development in the Arts, Fundamentals of Accountancy, Business and Management 2, Trends, Networks and Critical Thinking in the 21st Century Culture, Sports Officiating and Activity Management, Integrating the Elements and Principles of Organization in the Arts, Fitness, Sports and Recreation Leadership, Community Engagement, Solidarity and Citizenship, Leadership and Management in Different Arts Fields, Psychosocial Aspects of Sports and Exercise, Disciplines and Ideas in the Social Sciences, Apprenticeship and Exploration of Different Arts Fields (160 hours), Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences, Work Immersion/Research/Career Advocacy/Culminating Activity i.e. Classes resume for the afternoon, until about 4:30 to 5:00 p.m. Although public preschool, elementary and high school education are provided free, only primary education is stipulated as compulsory according to the 1987 Philippine Constitution. LUC's are established by the local government units that govern the area of the LUC. International Schools offer electives or subjects like writing, culture, history, language, art, or a special subject unique to the school. During 1999-2000, a 2 percent increase in the number of students meant 8,000 more classrooms needed. About a year after having secured Manila, the Americans were keen to open up seven schools with army servicemen teaching with army command-selected books and supplies. Students usually have an hour for lunch. The total number of children attending those schools was 135,098 for boys, and 95,260 for girls. In addition, there are also science secondary schools for students who have demonstrated a particular gift in science at the primary level as well as special secondary schools and special curricular programs. During the last four decades of the twentieth century, education in all levels had vastly improved. However, DepEd ensures that "no high school teachers will be displaced. Most of the Philippines faces challenging issues when it comes to the educational system. 117 and remained practically unchanged until 1994. The first level is known as the Primary level and the second level is known as the Intermediate level. After finishing a Technical-Vocational-Livelihood track in Grade 12 of Senior High School, a student may obtain a National Certificate Level II (NC II), provided he/she passes the competency-based assessment administered by the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority(TESDA).. 94 which renamed Department of Instruction into Department of Education with the regulation and supervision of public and private schools belonging to the Bureau of Public and Private Schools. A school established during the Japanese period which still exists is St. Paul College of Makati. About 37 percent of this population was from birth to 14-years-old. Inline as well with the Filipinization policy of the government, the Reorganization Act of 1916 provided that all department secretaries except the Secretary of Public Instruction must be a natural-born Filipino. Its successors, the National Career Assessment Examination (NCAE) and National Achievement Test (NAT) were administered to third- and fourth-year students respectively, before the implementation of the K-12 system. With the "trifocalization" of the educational system in the country, three government agencies handle each level of education. Standard requirements will be applied to make sure graduates know enough to be hirable. Section 29 of the act sought to upgrade educational institutions' standards to achieve "quality education" through voluntary accreditation for schools, colleges, and universities. Vocational schools offer a higher concentration of technical and vocational subjects in addition to the core academic subjects studied by students at general high schools. 1 I. Males have a higher rate of failure, dropout, and repetition in both elementary and secondary levels. Subjects that have been taken up in Basic Education will be removed from the College General Education curriculum. The Department of Education's justifications in this change, in implementing 13 years of basic education, is that the Philippines is the last country in Asia and one of only three countries worldwide with a 10-year pre-university cycle (Angola and Djibouti are the other two), and that the 13-year program is found to be the best period for learning under basic education. These are under the DepEd with the latter in partnership with TESDA. , There is a large mismatch between educational training and actual jobs. Non-sectarian are characterized by being owned and operated by private entities that have no affiliation with religious organizations; while sectarian HEI's are non-profit institutions that are owned and operated by a religious organization.