[17] Midrash Jonah, ed. The same was done under the law; for, whenever they slew victims, they were reminded of their own sins; for it ought to have come to their minds, that the sheep or any other animal sacrificed was innocent, and that it stood at the altar in his stead who had sinned. "E.W. When Crispus, the chief ruler of the synagogue, believed, many Corinthians believed also, Acts 18:8. Jonah 3:7. A Changed Jonah Obeys God And Goes To Nineveh Proclaiming Its Overthrow Within Forty Days, With The Result That (To Jonah’s Chagrin) Nineveh Repents (Jonah 3:1-10). John Trapp Complete Commentary. God's "tender mercies are over all His works" (Psalms 145:9); God "preserves man and beast" (Psalms 36:6). The association of the nobles with the king in the decree (as in Medo-Persia, under Darius) throws light on the political state of Nineveh. "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". BibliographyGill, John. 3 Jehoshaphat was afraid and turned his attention to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah. Second Chances. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". The cattle would suffer if the city should suffer, as God Himself so lovingly declares in His appeal to Jonah (Jonah 4:11). The moanings and lowings of the animals, their voices of distress, pierce man‘s heart too, and must have added to his sense of the common misery. And he caused it to be proclaimed and published through Nineveh; -, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, saying, let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste anything, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste any thing, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. in the common danger, are put under a fast; this the general, which is afterwards expressed more particularly. Jonah 3:7 And he caused [it] to be proclaimed and published through Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying, Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste any thing: let them not feed, nor drink water: Ver. A Heartless Prophet, Jonah 4; Scriptures: Jonah 3. 1. BibliographyWesley, John. Jonah prayed to the LORD his God from the fish's belly: Jonah is still in the belly of the fish but he knows it is enough that the LORD has heard his cry (You heard my voice). No entry exists in Forerunner Commentary for Jonah 3:7. Jonah 3 Jonah 3:7 When the word reached the king of Nineveh, he arose from his throne, laid aside his robe from him, covered himself with sackcloth and sat on the ashes. Jonah 3:1-5. Now, if any one objects and says that nothing ought to be done in the worship of God beyond what his word warrants, the answer is — that the king of Nineveh had not appointed any kind of expiation, neither did he intend that they should thus worship God, but regarded only the end which I have mentioned; and that end fully harmonizes with the word of God and his command. But Virgil specifies that this was the case at the death of Cæsar, (Ecl. (Theodoret) --- We do not find that cattle were deprived of food on such occasions among the Jews. ”. God therefore sent him on this initial mission to Nineveh. In the horror of the impending ruin of Nineveh, superstition exaggerated the true feeling underlying such representations, and to the belief in the sympathy of the lower animals with man was added the hope that their sufferings would help to appease the wrath of God. When therefore Jonah afterwards subjoins, (48) that the king commanded both the people and the beasts to put on sackcloth, let us know, that if any one now were to take this as an example, he would be nothing else but a mountebank; for this reason ought ever to be remembered, — that the king sought aids by which he might lead himself and his people to true repentance. Jonah 3 New International Version (NIV) Jonah Goes to Nineveh. See what over 150,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". This verse further describes how seriously the king and his nobles regarded their situation and to what extent they went to encourage citywide contrition. And he caused it to be proclaimed and published through Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying, Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste any thing: let them not feed, nor drink water: Taste any thing — Man and beast are to forbear to eat and drink, that the fast might be most solemn, that the cry of man, seconded with the cry of hungry cattle, might enter the ears of God, who preserveth man and beast. Jonah 3 English Standard Version (ESV) Jonah Goes to Nineveh. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. "Commentary on Jonah 3:7". The cuneiform inscriptions abundantly illustrate this point. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". Daniel 6:1-28.). Alexander, Jonah 3:7-8. Jonah 3:7-8 English Standard Version (ESV). Traces of the custom can also be discovered in Assyrian inscriptions, e.g., “I am Assurbanipal king of nations, king of Assyria, Nabu-damiq and Umbadara the great men,” &c. (G. Smith, Assyrian Discoveries, p. 413). "Commentary on Jonah 3:7". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/jonah-3.html. Their consent was requisite, to form an irrevocable edict, Daniel vi. The teaching on the born-again doctrine—found primarily in John 3 but expanded by Paul, Peter, and John in later writings—has been prone to misunderstanding since Jesus Christ spoke to Nicodemus about it nearly two thousand years ago. Young's The same was the intention of different washings under the law, the cleansing of garments and of vessels; it was, that the people might know that every thing they touched was polluted by their filth. The instinct which underlies the custom is a true one. The primitive Christians were wont to pray that their emperors might have good counsellors (Tertullian). Then the king of Nineveh acted foolishly and contrary to all reason in connecting animals with men when he spoke of repentance. And this ought to be especially observed; for the Papists, wedded as they are to external rites, lay hold on anything said in Scripture about fasting, and ashes, and sackcloth, and think that the whole of religion consists in these outward observances: but bodily exercise, as Paul says, profiteth but littler (1 Timothy 4:8.) He dressed himself in burlap and sat on a heap of ashes. 21 Then I proclaimed a fast there at the river of Ahava, that we might humble ourselves before our God to seek from Him a safe journey for us, our little ones, and all our possessions. And he caused it to be proclaimed] By sound of trumpet, as Joel 2:12; or otherwise, as 2 Chronicles 20:3-4; 2 Chronicles 20:18-20; 2 Chronicles 22:6-7; at which times he that obeyeth not is culpable before God and man, Leviticus 23:29. He dressed himself in burlap and sat on a heap of ashes. “Men think it strange that the horses at Nineveh were covered with sackcloth, and forget how, at the funerals of the rich, black horses are chosen, and are clothed with black velvet” (Pusey). Now Nineveh was an exceeding great city of three days' journey. 7 This is the proclamation he issued in Nineveh: “By the decree of the king and his nobles: Do not let people or animals, herds or flocks, taste anything; do not let them eat or drink. 3 Then the word of the Lord came to Jonah a second time: 2 “Go to the great city of Nineveh and proclaim to it the message I give you.” 3 Jonah obeyed the word of the Lord and went to Nineveh. Jonah 3:6 : Jonah 3:8 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. It proceeded probably from an indistinct consciousness that God cared for them also, and, that “they” were not guilty. It was then not an absolute monarchy. 2012. The major question of Jonah 4 is connected to the book's abrupt ending. The cry or proclamation of the king … Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. The brute creatures share in the evil effects of man's sin (Jonah 4:11, "Should not I spare Nineveh, that great city, wherein are more than six score thousand ... and also much cattle;" Romans 8:20; Romans 8:22): so they here, according to Eastern custom, are made to share in man's outward indications of humiliation. Daniel 6:17. N.A.S.B. Even in this repentance the edict does not stop to distinguish beast from man, but includes all, as all were involved in the threatened destruction. 5): Frigida, Daphni, boves ad fiumina; nulla nec annem, Libavit quadrupes, nec graminis attigit herbam. This action initiated by the king was evidently designed to achieve just such an impact upon the whole population. 7 And he issued a proclamation and published through Nineveh, “By the decree of the king and his nobles: Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste anything. BibliographyBeza, Theodore. 3:7 "Do not let man, beast, herd or flock taste a thing. So the Psalmist looked on God‘s care of His creatures as a fresh ground for man‘s trust in Him Psalm 36:6-7, “O Lord, Thou preservest man and beast: How excellent is Thy lovingkindness, O Lord, therefore the children of men put their trust under the shadow of Thy wings.” As our Lord teaches that God‘s care of the sparrows is a pledge to man of God‘s minute unceasing care for him, so the Ninevites felt truly that the cry of the poor brutes would be heard by God. 7. said through Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying, Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste any thing: let them not feed, nor drink water: herd and flock; let none of these, whether at home in the stall, or abroad in the fold and herd. So when YHWH came to him again and told him to go to Nineveh to proclaim His word, Jonah did as he was bid. The book seems to drop off a … Let neither man nor beast … - o“Are brutes too then to fast, horses and mules to be clothed with sackcloth? Not only are the destinies of the animals which minister to man’s wants often identical with his own; but there is a bond of sympathy between them naturally; and one remarkable feature of this book is the prominence given to this truth. Anyone who ever witnessed the lowing of thirsty cattle can never forget the terrible impact of it. 1999. And he, the king, caused it to be proclaimed; took a particular care to have speedily a fast ordered, and notified to the people by those public officers who were wont to proclaim the decrees and edicts of the king and his council. For as, when a rich man dies, his relatives clothe not only the men and maidservants, but the horses too with sackcloth, and, giving them to the grooms, bid that they should follow to the tomb, in token of the greatness of the calamity and inviting all to sympathy, so also when that city was about to perish, they clad the brute natures in sackcloth, and put them under the yoke of fasting.
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